Co-existing with coyotes in Oakville

Co-existing with coyotes in Oakville
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Gisele Shaw

Gisele Shaw

Gisele Shaw is the Manager of Corporate Communication for the town of Oakville since 2002. Prior to working for the town she worked for Halton Region as a communications specialist. She is a graduate of Humber College.

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Coyotes are part of Oakville’s natural environment. Usually docile, they are currently more visible in
some residential areas as they are sick with mange. Sarcoptic mange is a type of mite that burrows under the skin of an infected coyote, causing severe itching, lethargy, immune dysfunction and eventual loss of fur. Left untreated, it is often fatal. Mange does not pose a risk to humans and is unlikely to spread to pets as it requires sustained close contact to spread.

Coyotes with mange are more likely to come into residential neighbourhoods as they attempt to find food and stay warm. While the risk to human safety is very low, pets may be at risk as they may be seen as a food source or a threat.

What is the Town doing
To address the current situation, the town is working with the Oakville Humane Society to assist in
locating and treating infected coyotes. The coyote reporting system helps by locating and assessing
behavioural patterns. Please report coyote sightings and activity through this system at

This system is not meant for emergencies. If there is an immediate risk to safety call 911.

The town has had an extensive coyote awareness program since 2012, with a focus on education and preventing situations that may cause conflict. Coyotes have proven to be a very low risk to human safety, including children. Babies and very young children should not be left alone regardless of whether coyotes are in the area or not. Details on this program are available at

Removal and relocation

  1. Relocating wildlife more than one kilometre away is prohibited by provincial legislation as it can spread disease, may transfer a problem elsewhere, and is rarely successful for the animal.
  2. Firearms and lethal trapping pose a significant risk to both people and pets in urban environments.
  3. When coyotes are lethally removed, their breeding rates and populations increase. Coyotes from
    surrounding areas will also quickly move in to fill the space, and they tend to become more aggressive as they compete for territories.
  4. Lethal removal is only carried out on an individual basis if a coyote is considered a significant risk
    (e.g. aggressively approaching people, nipping, taking pets in the presence of people).

What you can do
DO NOT FEED. This includes accidental feeding (e.g. garbage, messy bird feeders, fallen fruit, etc.) or on purpose. Well-meaning residents who feel sorry for the coyotes have been leaving food out for them.
Feeding causes coyotes to approach people. It is against town by-laws to feed coyotes on public or private property. There are a variety of simple things that each of us can do to co-exist and prevent human – wildlife conflicts.

If you encounter a coyote:

  1. Conditions such as mange make coyotes lethargic and appear tame, however never approach or
    touch a coyote or stray dog.
  2. Coyotes wearing tracking collars may be mistaken for a lost family pet. Do not approach any stray
    animal even if it is wearing a collar.
  3. Do not turn your back or run from a coyote or other wild animal. Back away slowly.
  4. Scare away coyotes that approach or are in inappropriate places (residential areas, sidewalks). This
    is a proven technique that if done consistently by the community will retrain any wayward coyote to
    avoid people. Make loud noises, throw objects such as tennis balls, or spray it with water. Continue
    until the animal leaves.
  5. If a coyote poses an immediate threat or danger to public safety — call 911.

How to make your property unwelcome
You can discourage coyotes from hanging around homes by scaring them off each time they are
seen on your property. Use flashing lights, motion sensors and noise makers.

Ensure that garbage and compost is inaccessible, outdoor pet food is securely stored, fruit is picked
from trees and off the ground, and rodent habitats such as neglected yards, garages or sheds are
removed or kept clean.

Put up a two-metre high fence that extends at least 20 centimetres underground or is at least flush
with the ground

Keeping pets safe

  1. Supervise dogs when outside, including washroom breaks especially if your dog is small.
  2. Keep dogs on a leash as per the town’s by-law.
  3. Clean up after your dog — coyotes are attracted to dog feces.
  4. Do not let pets approach or chase coyotes as it could result in injuries to your pet.
  5. Keep cats and other small mammals inside.

If you observe an injured or dead coyote please contact the Oakville Milton Humane Society at


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Readers Comments (2)

  1. Maria Woltman says:

    I think the town of Oakville is not being proactive. I would suggest stunning them and bringing them back into the wild. Why have they come so close to that area? I lived in Oakville as a kid and they were never in that area. Why???????

  2. Ian Murray says:

    Don’t know how old you are, but when you were a kid, how big was Oakville?
    I moved here in ’66 and population was 51,000…now it’s 182,000. Many of these people are living on former coyote habitat. Richview golf course is now housing, soon Saw-whet soon will be too. What about north of Dundas, new Hospital and factories. Humans want to have their cake and eat it too. Sorry.

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